In the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-4), substance abuse is defined as short-term binging, whereas substance dependence is considered to be addiction, notes the WSJ. There will be 11 specific symptoms for the new spectrum of substance use and addictive disorders; including the inability to cut down or meet obligations at home or at work. A person with two or three symptoms will be diagnosed with a mild disorder. Someone who meets six or more will be diagnosed with a more severe disorder.
The updated classification will affect who qualifies for:
- Subsidized Services
- Insurance Reimbursements
- Treatment Programs
The new edition of the manual will be published next spring.